Consumer Attitudes

Consumer Attitudes 

Attitude: A learned predisposition to behave in a consistently favorable or unfavorable manner with respect to a given object. 

The "Object" could be a category, brand, model, etc. 

Attitudes are learned / influenced by: 
- Personality, Knowledge, Beliefs
- Family / Friends (Word of Mouth Advertising)
- Personal Experience (Samples, Trials)
- Mass Media (Ads, News, Marketing Influences)

A simple consumer attitude model: ABC

Where your attitude towards an object is a combination of: 
Affect: How you feel towards the object
Cognition: How you think about the object
Behavior: How you act towards the object

Fishbein's multi-attribute attitude model
Attributes are features that an object might have. 
Companies want consumers to perceive their products as having desirable attributes. 

The key assumption in this model is: People's attitudes towards an object depend on their beliefs about its various attributes. 

Fishbein Model summarizes overall attitude into a score: 

A consumer's overall Attitude (A) towards an Object (o), is determined by weighted sum of the Evaluation (E) of the goodness of a particular attribute of an object, and the strength of Belief (B) that a particular object has said attribute. 

The consumer's Total attitude (T) towards an object is the sum of all attributes. 

Ao = (E x B)
T = Ao + Ao + (Add all Ao)

Weaknesses of Fishbein Model
- Requires all attributes and beliefs to be broken down neatly.
- Assumes consumers are rational and engage in such thinking, at least implicitly. Eg: Impulse buy.
- Does not differentiate between attitude and action. Change in attitude does not always lead to change in action, only change in beliefs.
- Sometimes, behaviour leads to change in attitude.
- Does not take into account the environment and external influences. Eg: Do my parents approve of this purchase? How important is my parents' approval?